If you have never taken a look at a planted tank for aquarium, you would likely be astonished at just how lively and vibrant the aquarium appears to be. That is due to the fact that the plants for freshwater aquarium provide the water with natural filtration, help to keep your fish fresh always, and can also help you in breeding small fish.
Aquarium plants are utilized by fish for various things such as comfort, food, safety, and proliferation, so they are indispensable to any healthy and vibrant aquarium condition. If you are planning to start a planted tank for aquarium but don’t know how or where to begin, take the time to carry out some research.
Most aquarium plants are tough enough to stand against changes in water chemistry and temperature as you become accustomed to keeping up a planted tank, however, some are superior to others. In this article, we will discuss the 10 best plants for freshwater aquarium available on the market today. If you are new to aquarium planted tanks, then you need to get one of them.
Table of Contents
- 10 Best Freshwater Aquarium Plants
- How to care for freshwater aquarium plants
10 Best Freshwater Aquarium Plants
Developing aquatic plants in your freshwater aquarium is not that difficult. With a little direction, knowledge, and practice, you could enhance your success rate quite well. There is various aquatic kind of plants you can pick for your freshwater aquarium.
There are various kinds of aquatic plants you could develop. There are some plants that float on the aquarium surface, while there are some that stay rooted at the base. Some are utilized for mid-ground and background. We will examine the 10 best aquatic plants here that look amazing in your aquarium for various purposes.
These plants are very popular plants for a freshwater aquarium and are likewise a solid favorite of lovers of shrimp as they give extraordinary spots to them as their hiding place.
The java moss is best appended to ornaments present in your aquarium tanks, such as rocks or driftwoods. To do as such, you will have to utilize elastic bands or something almost the same to support the live aquarium plant while they gradually get rooted to the ornaments. If you append it to a rock, it will slither over the tank’s surface. The plant has been well-known to float, so it is best recommended to append it to something that can prevent it from floating away.
The java moss plants do enjoy marginally dimmed light. Without a doubt, they will completely thrive in lower light, yet be careful if the light is excessively strong or the inverse effect will occur. Brilliant light will stunt Java Moss’s growth and could subject it to the plague of green algae. It will seem fuzzy and green on the ground and endures a temperature of 70°F to 90°F, but grows well in about 70°F – 75°F.
This is a very amazing plant for freshwater aquarium. It can be grown in a wide range of conditions. It is surely a standout amongst the most well-known and easy to maintain freshwater plants. The Amazon Swords usually become vast in the aquarium and you need to keep this in mind before buying it.
They are good for new users because they require just a low level of nutrients and lighting to survive well. However, with the inclusion of liquid supplement and a high level of lighting, the Amazon sword will start to grow very fast in the freshwater aquarium.
Amazon Sword plants are generally the first choice of plant for beginners since they can be easily gotten from aquarium stores and at a cheaper price. They originated in the Southern America and Amazon in central. However, today they are mostly grown in America and dispersed to hobbyists. The Amazon Sword needs direct lighting and around 72°F – 82°F temperatures. These aquatic plants have leaves that look like swords (as its name implies) and they usually have a tall growth, up to 20 inches tall!
Like Java moss, this is another plant for freshwater aquarium that is famous with shrimp. The java fern likewise inclines toward low light, and they grow fine when their rhizome (i.e. the green stems which brings forth the leaves) are attached to the ornament or rock they are joined too.
If you have bigger size Java Fern plant, then you can rather cover its roots underneath the rock, but you must be watchful when you perform this in order to prevent the rhizomes from being buried. Its long, clustered green leaves flourish in 68°F – 82°F water temperature, in low to moderate light and serves well as hiding spots for fish and a background decoration.
Java Fern is simple live plants to grow in your freshwater aquarium, as they discharge spores from the front part of their leaves when it is time for propagation. These spores will just float about until the point when they discover something to tie themselves too, and afterward, they will grow faster.
The required light and water temperature make the Java Fern a great solution for newbies wanting to attempt freshwater plants. These aquatic plants are not expensive and can often be obtained in a variety of sizes for bigger or small aquariums. Java Ferns won’t require any plant specific substrates or liquid fertilizer supplements.
Anubias and Anubias Nana are two easy to keep aquatic plants in your freshwater aquarium. Anubias is usually sold on rocks or driftwoods in the aquarium store. Unlike the Java Fern, this freshwater plant grows gradually. It’s therefore essential to purchase a specimen that can properly fit the size of your aquarium.
Once acquired, make sure you keep the plant above the substrate and don’t cover the bottom of its root in the substrate. This freshwater plant is retained in the shady part of the planted tank with an ideal flow in order to prevent the growth of algae on the leaves. The Anubias plant requires low nutrient inclusion to the aquarium tank and therefore doesn’t require any fluid manures to be added to the water segment.
Anubias Nana is an assortment of anubias with much littler leaves. It is more appropriate for smaller or Nano aquariums. The plant is difficult to get and usually comes at a higher cost. The greatest advantage of this aquatic plant is the measure of coverage it gives. If you are breeding fish that loves hiding, or require hiding places in your aquarium tank, this is really the perfect to get. It doesn’t grow above 6 inches, so you will not have to stress over trimming always. It requires 72 to 78°F water temperature and moderate lighting.
5. Crypt Wendtii
Crypts are great plants that are normally displayed in pots in neighborhood fish stores. Crypts in some cases have a terrible reputation since they “liquefy” quickly upon addition to the planted aquarium. This is due to the fact that crypts are less resistant to change compared to other aquatic plants in this rundown.
They likewise require a slightly higher amount of light compared to other plants. Hence, they should conceivably be left as an aquarium plant for the marginally advanced aquarist. In any case, they are a good-looking foreground plant that can be perceived by long slim leaves stretching out from a focal point below the substrate.
However, upon addition to the planted aquarium it might appear as if this plant has totally dissolved, the Crypt is only responding to change. As you keep nursing it, the crypt will have the capacity to be taken back to full health as it develops it’s new root framework in the freshwater aquarium. Another benefit of this plant is that it can be effectively split at the rhizome area and propagated all through the aquarium.
These live plants for freshwater aquarium can vary widely in size, color, and shape. Cryptocorynes comes in a wide range of varieties, yet regardless of what they look like, they are extremely well known with shrimp.
These live plants for aquarium are considered by advanced aquarists to be the “subsequent step up” from Java fern and Anubias. They still enjoy dimmed light, however, they require somewhat more care because of their complex roots. They should be covered at a profundity of 2 inches on the rock, however, you should take care to guarantee that the crown (the location of the leaves), is kept well over the rock. It needs 72 to 82°F water temperatures and moderate lighting.
You should be watchful with Cryptocorynes as they are very vulnerable. They can encounter what is regarded as the “Crypt Melt” situation, which usually happens when you first bring them into your freshwater aquarium. What actually happens is the immediate parameter water change usually stuns the Crypts, and the outcome is that they frequently lose most of their leaves. Do not worry, however; this is very popular and never lethal for the plant.
7. Pygmy Chain Sword
This aquarium plant (otherwise called Narrow Leaf) is mostly seen in freshwater. It is a good choice of plant for both a beginner and expert hobbyist. It is normally kept at a closer view to the edge of the aquarium as it doesn’t grow extremely tall.
In proper lighting, it can grow to be a thick tangle of foliage. In low lighting, it will grow sparsely. It will have the capacity to survive in every condition of lighting and does not demand fertilizer supplement.
The Pygmy chain sword is widely known as an astounding plant for beginners since it demands almost no upkeep. The plant will sprinters over the substrate (material used to cover the base of an aquarium) voluntarily. The plant can then be permitted to propagate in order to grow over the front elevation of the aquarium, thereby forming a stylish foreground.
Under higher condition of lighting, the new leaves developed on this aquatic plant will grow into a brilliant red color. This dazzling coloration is frequently the point of convergence of the aquarium and looked after by numerous aquarists.
This plant is additionally tolerant of a scope of conditions. It can flourish in hard or soft water, low or high pH and an extensive variety of temperatures, thereby making it a superb plant for beginners and a preferred choice for every aquarium.
8. Water Wisteria
These species of aquatic plants are otherwise called “Bunch Plants” and are exceptionally basic with shrimp-keeping aquarists since they root deeply into the aquarium tank and make pleasant spots for the shrimps to explore and navigate around.
Water Wisteria is particularly well preferred because of the shape that their leaves take, which are generally fascinating. This aquatic plant requires a loose lighting and will flourish in any condition as long as they root well in the gravel and they have enough oxygen.
Water Wisteria is likewise one of the easily propagated freshwater aquatic plants. All you need to do is to clip off a healthy long stem. Then, bury it in about the range of 3 to 4 inches of the gravel present in the aquarium while the plant continues the germination process.
Water wisteria possesses tall lace-like green leaves that could give an excellent green carpet-like cover for your aquarium. They spread out quick as opposed to developing tall. These plants are widely known to grow easily and require minimal upkeep. They require direct light and do well in the temperatures range of around 75 to 80 degrees.
Otherwise called Coontail, Hornwort is one of the less-difficult plants to keep in the aquarium. It is commonly sold in pots and floats freely on the surface of the aquarium. It is exceptionally versatile to changing conditions and has the ability to survive an expansive scope of temperatures. It is likewise appropriate for cool outdoor ponds and water tanks.
Hornwort can achieve a length of up to 24 inches. This aquatic plant can be propagated by essentially cutting down the stems and giving them a chance to float around. In another way, you can replant them in the substrate. It is a brilliant background plant because it develops to the aquarium’s height. The Hornwort needs a minimal lighting and negligible fertilizer supplement.
In the wild, Hornwort is commonly found in sloppy conditions joined to the substrate or floats freely in water bodies. In the aquarium, either is befitting. Nevertheless, the substrate is highly recommended to plant Hornwort. This allows your lighting to reach the underlying plants. If this plant floats freely at the surface, it might hinder a portion of the light to reach the underlying plants.
10. Dwarf Lilies
These are extremely delicate plants and grows slowly. In spite of the fact that shrimp seems to like them, they can damage easily, so it may not be a smart idea to plant dwarf lilies if you have excessively numerous shrimp circling around.
Dwarf lilies look like little pointed heads, and their tiny stems can break easily. If you wish to have dwarf lilies in your tank, it would be great if you could purchase older ones that were allowed to grow fully. Thus, they will have a less possibility of breaking and you will additionally abstain from purchasing freshwater aquarium plants that do not have the capacity of reproducing.
How to care for freshwater aquarium plants
Aquatic plants have a lot of advantages as far as aquarium is concerned. Having a staggering visual effect, these aquatic plants circulate air through your water, eliminate impurities and provide a sound habitat for your fish to flourish. It has been observed that if you take care of your plants appropriately, algae will not be an issue.
By making use of the guides below, you will be able to make a nice aquarium that you can appreciate.
1. Choose the right plants
Nurturing your plants starts with picking the ones that are appropriate for your aquarium. Ensure the plants you pick are affirmed as underwater plants, meaning that they can survive totally submerged in water.
Examples of aquatic plant species that can be easily grown in aquariums include Anubis, Echinoderms, Anarchies and Lilaeposis (Sword Plants).
Remember that most plants like a pH level of 7 to 7.2 better. Make sure to check the compatibility of each plant with your fish (because some fish eats plants) and water condition.
2. Supply the right substrate
Aquarium plants require substrate in which to firmly fix their roots. These plants can grow in many kinds of substrate, but about 2-3 inches of laterite surrounded with an inch of gravel will be perfect.
It is possible to still keep your plants inside the pots where they were sold. Nevertheless, planting them in substrate gives a more common look, and it is more helpful for the development root.
3. Provide the right light
Without appropriate lighting, your plants can’t survive. Plants require light for photosynthesis, which is a process in which plant create energy for growth and development. An additional advantage of photosynthesis is that oxygen is produced for the intake of the aquatic life present in your aquarium.
Full-range, fluorescent lighting is an absolute necessity. Ensure you give your plants about 10 to 12 hours of light each day. In case you are making use of fluorescent lighting, make sure you replace your light bulbs every 12months, as their intensity go fade day by day. In case your light bulbs fail in emitting a full spectrum, your plants won’t flourish.
4. Use fertilizer for freshwater aquarium plants
You can improve plant development by including an iron-based fertilizer that is safe for the fish. Search for uncommon moderate release fertilizers that are intended to help in freshwater aquarium plant development and growth. Never make use of a phosphate fertilizer, as algae tend to grow vigorously on phosphates.
Overdosing your aquarium with fertilizer can kill the fish and plants in the water. Try not to buy a fertilizer that contains nitrate or phosphate. It can lead to horrible algae problems. Fertilizers are usually accessible in pelleted and fluid form.
Just a few of the easiest freshwater plants were listed. There are still many more aquarium plants that are appropriate for your aquarium. All the plant’s list doesn’t need any CO2 addition, elevated lighting or fertilizer supplement. Most will do well to battle algae and flourish in a low-tech setup.
Although able to flourish with low light arrangement, some of the plants can likewise develop well and make use of high light arrangement. When some of these plants are presented to high light, their color intensity changes.